Poppaea was married first to Rufrius Crispinus of the Preaetorian Guard, and they had a son. Two Sides to Every Story. Her body was embalmed and buried in the Mausoleum of Augustus. Nero married Poppaea, and Poppaea was given the title Augusta when they had a daughter, Claudia. Your father was forced to divorce your pregnant mother, marrying your stepfather instead. He tried to shift the blame to the Christians, beginning the Roman persecution of that young religion. This caused a rift with his mother, Agrippina the Younger. He saw to it that assistance was provided to cities that had suffered disaster and, at the request of the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, gave aid to the Jews. At the time she was still married to Otho (a future emperor! The great fire that ravaged Rome in 64 illustrates how low Nero’s reputation had sunk by this time. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? ), but she had only married him to get close to Nero. Then in 64 AD, the Great Fire of Rome broke out. Her birth year is unknown, but we know she died in 65 C.E. In 53 AD, Nero married Claudia Octavia, his stepsister and daughter of Claudius with Messali… Nero built a palace, the Golden House, which was apparently magnificent, but it was so resented by the public and by his successors that it was almost completely dismantled. Her father was Titus Ollius. Emperor Nero surveys the damage in Rome after the Great Fire of 64 A.D. One dubious story holds that he blamed, and punished, the city’s Christians for the devastating blaze. He castrated a boy so he could marry him. She hoped to control the government, but Burrus and Nero’s old tutor, the Stoic philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca, though they owed their influence to Agrippina, were not content to remain her tools. He later adopted her son Nero as his political heir. Brought up in this atmosphere, Nero might well have begun to behave like a monster upon his accession as emperor in 54 but, in fact, behaved quite otherwise. He became infamous for his personal debaucheries and extravagances and, on doubtful evidence, for his burning of Rome and persecutions of Christians. It was then that the infamous same-sex marriage took place. Even later Nero was capable of conceiving grandiose plans for conquests or the creation of public works, but for the most part he used his position simply to gratify his own personal pleasures. He does not depict kind acts, such as those reported by Josephus, but instead depicts her as corrupt. Nero's bad acts are often attributed to her influence. In order to marry her, he accused Octavia of adultery and exiled her, later to be murdered (but made to look like a suicide). She being his favorite, Nero impregnated her and then married her in 63. The Jewish historian Josephus (who also died in 65 BCE) tells us that Poppaea Sabina interceded on behalf of Jews twice. Birthplace: Antium, Latium Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: Suicide. Agrippina followed in 59BC, and finally, in 62 AD, Nero murdered first wife Octavia and her elder sister. Otho, Poppaea's first husband, helped in Galba's successful revolt against Nero, and made himself emperor after Galba was killed. His nocturnal rioting in the streets was a scandal as early as 56, but the emergence of real brutality in Nero can be fixed in the 35-month period between the putting to death of his mother at his orders in 59 and his similar treatment of his wife Octavia in June 62. Nero also inaugurated competitions in poetry, in the theatre, and in athletics as counterattractions to gladiatorial combats. 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