Since then, however, rehabilitation has taken a back seat to a "get tough on crime" approach that sees punishment as prison's main function, says Haney. There are two different methods in which prisoners are rehabilitated. We believe that providing negative consequences for off-limits behaviors will lead to avoidance of those behaviors, and the goal is not to exact revenge but to better enable children to function in society. Rehabilitation gives one a chance to learn about his/her debilitating problems and offers for one to learn how to change their behavior in order to not commit crime. Punishment versus Rehabilitation Stephen Lafond AJS/502 July 22, 2012 Arnold Wicker, Sr. , C. P. P. Punishment versus Rehabilitation Citizens living in a free society depend on a justice system and the rule of law to create a perception of security that allows for a dynamic and productive environment.Throughout history members of society that failed to comply with, or broke established … Previously, the Penal Code stated, “the purpose of sentencing is punishment.” Now, it is declared, “the purpose of sentencing is public safety, achieved through punishment, rehabilitation, and restorative justice.” These simple words mark a tectonic shift in attitude. The Rehabilitation of Prisoners is a widely discussed and argued topic. The idea of punishment is closely associated with the idea of rehabilitation when we employ it with children, for example. Ironically, the “land of the free” has more people imprisoned in proportion to its population than any other developed country in the world. Punishment within the Adult Justice will be referred to as incarceration in order to keep the topic spectrum narrow. The approach has created explosive growth in the prison population, while having at most a modest effect on crime rates. Here, a Louisiana trial court found Patrick Kennedy guilty of raping his eight-year-old stepdaughter. I feel that punishment is best for the most severe crimes, such as murder. I believe that rehabilitation in most cases is best for the offender. Rehabilitation relies on the assumption that no punishment is severe enough that a criminal will be able to be reformed and socially integrated with the community after his sentence is served. Punishment vs Rehabilitation. 1157 words 4 page(s) It is estimated that 1.2 million Americans are housed in the prison system. Punishment As Americans, we are very proud of our freedom. An example of retribution, in the case of Kennedy v. Louisiana, was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in June 2008. 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