In order to dominate the trade routes that united China with Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, the emperor decided to assemble an impressive fleet, whose huge treasure ships could have as many masts as necessary. It is not known whether or not he made it back to China, or died on his final great voyage. By the time he returned, the emperor had died. After leaving, the fleet traveled to Java, Sumatra; Malacca (the Spice Islands); crossed the Indian Ocean and sailed west to Cochin and Calicut, India. These expeditions traveled along the Indian Ocean trade routes as far as Arabia and the coast of East Africa, but in 1433, the government suddenly called them off. This would begin Zheng He’s maritime career, and some of the most impressive exploration journeys in history. The author writes that the ships had nine masts and measured 460 feet long and 180 feet wide. Young Ma He was educated as a child, often reading books from great scholars such as Confucius and Mencius.4 Ma He was curious about the world from a young age. China’s greatest naval explorer sailed his treasure fleets as far as East Africa. Shih-shan Henry Tsai, The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996), 157. An interactive map of the voyages of Zheng He. Zheng He was a Chinese mariner, explorer, (A 1,200-year-old shipwreck reveals how the world traded with China.). He also served as a bodyguard protecting the prince Zhu Di during many battles against the Mongols. (Cabe decir que el pie chino es más pequeño que el europeo) [2] "Sus mejillas y frente estaban altas, pero su nariz era … Once more he sailed to the Malay Peninsula, to Sri Lanka, and on to Calicut in India. A caption on a copy of the Fra Mauro map—the original, now lost, was completed in Venice in 1459, more than 25 years after Zheng He’s final voyage—implies that Chinese ships rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1420 before being forced to turn back for lack of wind. Christopher Columbus and Zheng He were both 15-century explorers who made significant discoveries during their lifetime. Alas, the Song’s newfound naval mastery was not enough to withstand the invasion of the mighty Mongol emperor Kublai Khan. It marked the beginning of a remarkable journey of shifting identities that this remarkable man would navigate. He stopped in many of the same places, including Java, Sumatra, and also brought letters and riches to the different rulers Zheng He met. After Zhu Di became the Yongle emperor in 1402, Ma He was renamed Zheng He in honor of that battle. When Ma He was about 10 years old, Chinese forces invaded and overthrew the Mongols; his father was killed, and Ma He was taken prisoner. Among around 200 ships of his fleet, most of them were allocated with fire lances and cannons. Because of his new and higher position, the Emperor gave Ma He the new name “Zheng” He.5 With his new title came additional duties Zheng He would be responsible for. Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonist who sailed for the Catholic Monarchs of Spain during his voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. His last journey, done for old time’s sake, was made at a time when the political climate was changing, and the new … Zheng He, at thirty-five years old, had the highest rank of any eunuch in the history of China. He was authorized to return the remaining envoy’s to their home countries. The great admiral died either during, or shortly after, the seventh and last of the historic expeditions, and with the great mariner’s death his fleet was largely dismantled. During the Song dynasty, the Chinese had already reached as far as India, the Persian Gulf, and Africa. Unfortunately, the official imperial records of his voyages were destroyed. It is hard to believe that the ships would have been quite so vast. Even so, a recent discovery by archaeologists of a 36-foot-long rudder raises the possibility that some ships may have been as large as claimed. Having served in the court for many years, Ma He was eventually promoted to Grand Eunuch.This was the highest rank a eunuch could be promoted to. Once again he stopped in places like Java, Sumatra; and visited ports on the coast of Siam (today called Thailand) and the Malay Peninsula.8 Zheng He’s fourth voyage (1413-1415) would be his most impressive yet. With the nation’s current resurgence, it is no surprise that the figure of Zheng He stands once again at the center of China’s maritime ambitions. He returned back to China in 1419. The problems were certainly not economic: China was collecting enormous tax revenues, and the voyages likely cost a fraction of that income. On land, however, they failed to establish a settled form of government and win the allegiance of the peoples they had conquered. ). 1421 Voyages of Zheng Slot. Zheng He took similar routes on his next two expeditions. By 1417, the Yongle Emperor ordered Zheng He to return the envoys home. Zheng He remained in the royal court working for the new emperor, helping with the construction of a large temple. Find out if it worked.). None of the seven expeditions headed north; most made their way to Java and Sumatra, resting for a spell in Malacca, where they waited for the winter monsoon winds that blow toward the west. When there are at least 3 scatter icons on the center 3 reels, the bettor will have an option to choose the Extra game to play. He was able to expand new, friendly ties with other nations, while developing relations between the east-west trade opportunities. Tsai, Shih-shan Henry. The first of those voyages took place in 1405, and the last in 1433. Le préfixe honorifique Hadji (Al hadj) indique qu'il est allé à La Me… Chinese sailors were using compasses to navigate their way across the South China Sea. The dimensions of the treasure ships, as recorded in later historical chronicles, are disputed by scholars. And the largest one was about 150 meters long and 60 meters wide. Hoon, Hum Sin. The Mongols gave a new preeminence to merchants, and maritime trade flourished as never before. His father was named Haji Ma, and his mother’s maiden name was “Wen”. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. There were also mid-size ships such as the machuan, used for transporting horses, and a multitude of other vessels carrying soldiers, sailors, and assorted personnel. Sponsor to Zheng He, the Ming emperor Yongle—pictured in a 20th-century illustration— moved his capital to Beijing and built the Forbidden City, seat of imperial power. Chinese explorer who commanded several treasure fleets – Chinese ships that explored and traded across Asia and Africa. Originally born Ma He in 1371, He was captured and castrated by soldiers as a young boy. On the way, Zheng He stopped in Sumatra to fight on the side of a deposed sultan, bringing the usurper back to Nanjing for execution. At the Tay Kak Sie Chinese Taoist temple in Semarang on the island of Java, Indonesia, a statue of Zheng He shows how far his legacy stretches across Asia. He returned to Nanjing in 1415. They set sail from Liujiagan Port in Taicang of Jiangsu Province and headed westward. Zheng He’s voyages ended abruptly in 1433 on the command of Emperor Xuande. Zheng He was born to a noble family in 1371 in the Yunnan Province of China. In 1381, when Ma He was about 11 years old, Yunnan was attacked and conquered by soldiers from the Ming army, who were under the rule of Emperor Hong Wu. World Explorers and Discoverers. Zheng He’s Art of Collaboration: Understanding the Legendary Chinese Admiral from a Management Perspective. The beginning of his reign saw the conquest of Vietnam and the foundation of Malacca as a new sultanate controlling the entry point to the Indian Ocean, a supremely strategic location for China to control. The many stops included trading of spices and other goods, plus visiting royal courts and building relations on behalf of the Chinese emperor. Leo Suryadinata, ed., Admiral Zheng He & Southeast China (Pasir Panjang, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005), 44. Kublai Khan achieved what Genghis could not: conquering China. The forced withdrawal to the south prompted a new capital to be established at Hangzhou, a port strategically situated at the mouth of the Qiantang River, and which Marco Polo described in the course of his famous adventures in the 1200s. The problem, it seems, was political. ). The Eunuchs in the Ming Dynasty. Zheng He’s flag “treasure ship” was four hundred feet long – much larger than Columbus’s. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Zheng He’s armada sailed for Calicut, located on the west coast of India. The fourth expedition reached Hormuz in the Persian Gulf, and the final voyages expanded westward, entering the waters of the Red Sea, then turning and sailing as far as Kenya, and perhaps farther still. But would be almost another 10 years before Zheng He went on his seventh and final voyage. Zheng He returned to China in 1407. Unfortunately, the official imperial records of his voyages were destroyed. Hoon, Zheng He’s Art of Collaboration, 6. Slot games revolving around ancient Chinese civilisation are not a rare occurrence, but this time we will be focusing on a specific character in Chinese history.. 1421 Voyages of Zheng He is a Spielo video slot game with a lengthy title and a focus on Zheng He, a 15th century Chinese explorer and sailor. Pasir Panjang, Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, 2012. He would be in charge of palace construction and repairs, learned more about weapons, and became more knowledgeable in ship construction.6 His understanding of ships would become very important to his future. Pasir Panjang, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005. He visited what are now modern-day Vietnam, Thailand, the Malaysian port of Melaka, and the Indonesian island of Java, crossed the Indian Ocean to Kozhikode in India, and stopped at Sri Lanka. The exact purpose of his voyages, the routes taken, and the size of his fleets are heavily debated because of their unique nature. Setting off from the coast of eastern China with colossal cargoes, they soon ventured farther afield, crossing the Strait of Malacca while seeking to rival the Arab ships that dominated the trade routes in luxury goods across the Indian Ocean—or the Western Ocean, as the Chinese called it. Chinese vessels with five masts are shown on the 14th-century “Catalan Atlas” from the island of Mallorca. The Emperor chose Zheng He to command this fleet. The voyages were also viewed with suspicion by the very powerful bureaucratic class, who worried about the influence of the military. Zheng He was a Chinese explorer who lead seven great voyages on behalf of the Chinese emperor. The Chinese Emperor really wanted to display the wealth and power China had to offer. They show that Chinese ships could have ruled the Indian Ocean for many more … However, most historians agree their main purpose was to promote the glory of Ming dynasty China.1. Zheng He’s second (1408-1409) and third (1409-1411) voyages followed a similar route to his first. Here are 10 interesting facts about Zheng He, who along with Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama, is ranked as one of the greatest sailor … Gallery #gallery-1 { margin: auto; } #gallery-1 .gallery-item { float: left; margin-top: 10px; text-align: center; width: 33%; } #gallery-1 img { border: 2px solid #cfcfcf; } #gallery-1 .gallery-caption { margin-left: 0; } /* see gallery_shortcode() in wp-includes/media.php */ General Zheng He – statue in Sam Po Kong temple, Semarang, Indonesia. Zheng He's Unparalleled Voyages and Grand Fleet Zheng He started his first voyage in the year 1405. He stopped in many of the same places, including Java, Sumatra, and also brought letters and riches to the different rulers Zheng He met. He traveled with over 60 other ships, some of which were over 400 feet long, known as treasure ships. He also visited Thailand, before making his way back to China in September 1422. 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